Each June, millions of youth begin their search for a summer job. Before hiring any summertime help, it’s a good idea to be aware of the Federal and State laws governing youth in the workplace. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) youth employment provisions are designed to protect young workers by limiting the types of jobs and the number of hours they may work, based on the age of the minor. The following provisions apply to nonagricultural occupations:
18 Years of Age. Once a youth reaches 18, the Federal child labor provisions no longer apply to them they can work any job for any number of hours.
16 & 17 Years of Age. Under the FLSA 16 and 17year olds may work on any day for any number of hours. However, individual states may limit the hours or the times of day that anyone under the age of 18 may work. Also, all youth under the age of 18 are prohibited from working any nonfarm jobs deemed hazardous.
14 & 15 Years of Age. 14 and 15year olds may work:
- Nonschool hours;
- 3 hours on a school day;
- 18 hours in a school week;
- 8 hours on nonschool day;
- 40 hours in a nonschool week; and
- Between 7 a.m to 7 p.m. (except June 1Labor Day when hours are extended to 9 p.m.)
If you are about to hire a youth and need assistance building a summertime schedule that follows the youth employment provisions, contact us.